Dating tawag sa mensing iran
C., appears to have considerably extended his domain by seizing parts of eastern and northern Armenia (Polybius 5.55.7).
According to Strabo (11.14.9), the satrap of Armenia annually delivered 20,000 colts to the Great King. Another interesting fact noted by Xenophon is that the Persian language was understood and spoken in remote villages of Western Armenia (4.5.10, and 5.34).In the “Tribute procession” carved on the Apadāna friezes at Persepolis, the Armenians bring a horse and a vase of precious metal. The royal road passed through Armenia for a length of 46 parasangs with 15 post-stations (Herodotus 5.52), and a different road crossing Armenia southeast to northwest was taken by Xenophon in 401 B. He mentions the province’s division into Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia, separated by the Teleboas (Kara-sū) river ( 4.4.3); the former was governed by Orontas (Persian Arvand, Armenian Ervand), regarded by many writers as the ancestor of the Orontids of Armenia; he was a son-in-law of Artaxerxes I (ibid., 2.4.8f. 515-51 ), the latter by Tiribazes, a favorite of the Great King (ibid., 4.4.4).Their costume resembles the Median dress of the first delegation (G. and 5.40; 3.4.13 and 5.17; 4.3.4; for his career see R. Xenophon has also left observations about the inhabitants, mainly those of Western Armenia.22), but should perhaps be moved back by a few years. The Roman envoy who was sent by Lucullus and received in audience at Antioch in 70 reported that Tigranes was served by four kings who always stood submissively to attention in his presence (Plutarch, , Tübingen, 1888, p. Just as the regal style of Tigranes conformed to the authentic Persian tradition, his religion, like that of Mithridates Eupator of Pontus, undoubtedly hinged on Mazdaism. Discussion has centered on Amida, Arzen Seʿert, Mayyāfāreqīn, Tell Ermen, and other sites in southern Armenia and northern Mesopotamia. Accompanied by this prince, Pompey advanced to the neighborhood of Artaxata and obtained the submission of Tigranes the Great at minimal cost. Tigranes the Younger soon incurred the displeasure of Pompey, was arrested and sent to Rome; his father-in-law Phraates pleaded in vain for his release (Plutarch, op. King Tigranes, on the other hand, received several tokens of the victor’s respect. cit., 36.1) and even part of Upper Mesopotamia (Strabo 16.2.24) to Tigranes and apparently went so far as to reserve the title “king of kings” for him while withholding it from Phraates (Dio Cassius 37.6.2, where Tigranes is obviously confused with Tigranes the Younger). He was allied to the former by virtue of his father’s treaty with Pompey, but being himself of Iranian extraction, had deep-rooted ties with the latter. On his coins Artavazdes styled himself “king of kings” (H. After the capture of King Artavazdes of Armenia, one of his sons, who had escaped from Antony’s clutches, was proclaimed king by the people, and given the name Artaxias II. Chaumont, “L’Arménie entre Rome et l’Iran,” in Temporini and Haase, eds., op. Before the arrival of Tiberius, Artaxias II was assassinated, undoubtedly at the instigation of the pro-Roman party (Tacitus, , Tübner ed., 1908, 9.1; Dio Cassius 55.9.5). Ariobarzanes was succeeded by his son Artavazdes III. After a brief spell in which the Artaxiad Erato, sister and widow of Tigranes III, was restored while the country sank into anarchy, the vacant throne was offered about A. 12 to Vonones; a son of Phraates IV whom Artabanus II had just driven out of Parthia.Nevertheless he promoted the spread of Hellenism in his dominions and even designated himself “Philhellene,” evidently in imitation of the Parthian kings who since Mithridates I had happily assumed that title. In spite of its characteristics of an Hellenistic city, Tigranocerta retained some aspects of an Iranian royal residence, i.e., vast parks and hunting grounds around its suburbs (Appian, op. The king presented himself voluntarily and in full regalia at the Roman camp (Plutarch, , pp. Tigranes had to renounce all his conquests, while Tigranes the Younger received Sophene (and Gordyene? Having thus become the ally and protégé of the Romans (Dio Cassius, 36.53.5), Tigranes stayed on the Armenian throne until his death in 55/54 B. He was soon driven out when the Romans occupied the whole country, but he was able to escape to the Arsacid court and, a few years later (ca. C.), to recover his throne with Parthian help (Dio Cassius 49.44.4, 51.16.2). Tigranes II had a short reign and was succeeded by his son Tigranes III (or IV), whose sister Erato shared power with him. After the latter’s death, the Armenians wanted no more of the Atropatenian line (Tacitus, 27.2, ed. Although he was romanized and romanophile, the Roman authorities shortly withdrew their support and ordered him back to Syria (Tacitus, .
Interestingly, Darius III Codomannus governed Armenia for several years before his accession in 336, having been rewarded with the post for his victory over the Cadusians (Justin, 4.3.4).